Occupying a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes Mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Chilean territory also includes some Pacific islands. Its climate varies, ranging from the world's driest desert - the Atacama - in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the centre, to a rainy temperate climate in the south area, rich in forests and grazing lands and featuring a string of volcanoes and lakes, geysers, rivers and steppe. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas and islands.
The main attractions are places of natural beauty: San Pedro de Atacama, in the north, where visitors can admire the Incaic architecture, the "altiplano" lakes and the Valley of the Moon. Throughout the central Andes there are many ski resorts of international repute. The port city of Valparaíso, with its unique architecture, is also popular. Viña del Mar is famous because of its beaches, casino and its annual song festival. In the south, the main tourist sites are the coastal area, Chiloé Archipelago and Patagonia, with its many glaciers and the Torres del Paine National Park. Finally, the Easter Island in the Pacific Ocean is also one of the main Chilean tourist destinations.